How to survive a sunstroke


You get a sunstroke when you spend too much time in the sun, and your body is not able to handle all that heat. It’s not to be confused by a heatstroke, by the way. You get a sunstroke from being too long in the sun. But you can get a heatstroke from just being in a hot environment (like a hot car).

The symptoms of sunstroke are quite easy to recognize:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • rapid heartbeat
  • nausea
  • muscle cramp
  • red skin

If you are feeling additional symptoms, like tiredness, confusion, high body temperature, loss of consciousness, and when you stop sweating. You are probably having a heatstroke as well.

What should you do when a sunstroke hits you?

Get out of the sun immediately! Find some shade and stay there for a while. Take a seat or lie down so you can relax. It’s good to drink water. But be careful with ice-cold water, and don’t drink too fast. It’s better to take little sips. You can also try to cool down by wrapping yourself up in wet towels. If you prefer taking a shower, you’ll need to keep in mind that a cold shower can possibly result in a thermal shock. So be careful with water that is extremely cold!

If nothing helps, or if you keep feeling worse. Don’t take any chance, get help, and call an ambulance.

How to prevent a sunstroke?

It’s always better to prevent than to cure. Sunbathing is bad for you for so many reasons. And children have a higher chance to get a sunstroke. Let that be a first important warning.

Preventing a sunstroke is not that difficult. You should drink enough water during a hot, sunny day. And wear a hat and light clothing, so your body is still able to breathe.

And it seems obvious that you should not stay in the sun for too long. And that you don’t do heavy efforts if you are not used to it. Please do not overestimate yourself in extreme heat. Your body can only take so much.

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